Quality glock pistols or glock handguns built by the reputable Austrian manufacturer are designed to be rugged and reliable. In fact, they’ve become so dependable it’s easy to forget what they really are: precision-built mechanical devices which are forced to operate under less-than-ideal circumstances. Just like any other machine, glock handguns of varying models such as Glock 19, glock 22, glock 42 and all other models, need proper cleaning and lubrication to keep them running smoothly. This write up presents steps on how to clean your glock.
How Often Should I Clean My Glock?
Everyone in the shooting industry agrees that keeping glock clean is important. However, when people do disagree, it’s usually about how often cleaning is required.
Some glock shooters treat their glock firearm like professional racecars, paying strict attention to the state of their glock pistols before and after each shooting event. Others treat their handguns like the family sedan. Why would you wash it, wax it and change the oil each time you go for a drive? Topics like this often pop up in glock talk forum.
To rock your glock, it’s advisable to schedule glock cleaning based on gun usage and purpose at least once a year. The best glock should get be cleaned once a year, whether it needs it or not, to ensure it won’t rust.
The glock apparel
The owner’s manual is a great starting point in the glock cleaning process. If you don’t have a manual, order one or review it online. Glock pistols almost always require some level of disassembly for cleaning, take for example the Glock 45 Gen 5 which requires very detailed disassembly. Understand the layout of your pistol, the tools and procedures for disassembly and reassembly. This will help you to avoid damaging the gun, launching springs across the room or losing those important little pieces that can fall out and get lost.
The following steps show how to clean a glock;
- Prepare your work area
Make sure to get all equipment or glock clean kit from a glock store. Work in a well ventilated area that’s been prepared for gun cleaning. Chemicals and compounds produced by shooting, chemicals used to clean and lubricate a glock handgun, are toxic and should be handled with care. To cover workbench or table with a large plastic trash bag is ideal. Cover the bag with a couple of layers of newspaper or a layer of paper towels, and swap out the padding as it becomes soiled. When you’re done with the cleaning session, just turn the trash bag inside out to capture the debris, tie it shut and throw it away.
- Engage your safeties
In case of a full size 9mm glock or any other glock model, ensure the gun is unloaded and pointed in a safe direction before you start cleaning and that all ammunition has been removed from the area. Along with safety considerations, solvents and lubricants can damage ammunition resulting in a failure to fire.
To keep yourself safe, it makes sense to cover your workspace, it’s logical to cover yourself as well. Wear safety glasses. A dust mask and protective gloves are also a good idea as getting a little splash of solvent in the eye is a similarly enlightening experience. Brushin out the barrel can flick solvent and fouling into the air and toward your face.
- Field strip the glock handgun
It’s rarely necessary to take a pistol completely apart for anything other than repairs. Field stripping is the process of partially disassembling a pistol for cleaning. A glocks is broken down to its major components, such as the barrel, slide, guide rod, frame and magazine. Glocks have a wide variety of configurations, so be sure to read your manual and understand the field stripping process for your pistol.
- Clean the bore of the barrel
The interior of the barrel is where most of the action takes place making it the most important areas to clean properly and the most labor intensive. The layer of material left in the barrel after shooting sessions can reduce the glock pistol’s accuracy and corrode the barrel. To begin, attach a bore brush to the cleaning rod. Apply solvent to the brush and push it back and forth through the bore of the barrel several times. It’s a good idea to clean and add solvent to the brush once or twice more as you work. Avoid dipping the bore brush directly into the solvent bottle, since this will foul the solvent. Instead, pour solvent onto the brush over a clean container, and then use the solvent in the container to treat patches and rags.
- Clean the frame & other components
Use your nylon brush, with some solvent, to scrub the other parts of the gun, and then use a rag to wipe off the solvent and residue. Be thorough in your inspection of the pistol. If something looks dirty, it is. Check the nooks and crannies for a buildup of fouling. For semi-autos, pay close attention to cleaning the slide’s interior grooves, under the ejector and the contact points between the slide and the frame. For revolvers, keep an eye out for build up around the forcing cone, the face of the cylinder and the cylinder ratchet. For double-action revolvers, don’t forget to check under the ejector star as well.
It’s not necessary to get the gun dripping wet with solvent. A little goes a long way. How much cleaning attention is needed, and where it should be directed, depends on the gun and how much it has been shot. Just like your work with the patches, if you rub an area with a clean cloth or swab and it comes away smudged, more cleaning is required. Wipe the pistol clean of all solvents before lubricating.
- Lubricate the Handgun
The lubrication points differ from pistol to pistol. In general, semi-autos need lubricant where the various parts rub against each other as the action cycles. Revolvers need only a little lubrication. Single-actions need some on the cylinder pin and ratchet, while double-actions need some on the ejector rod and cylinder ratchet. The key is not to over lubricate. Too much will only serve to attract and hold gun fouling.
- Finishing up
Now it’s time to reassemble the pistol. Once it’s all back together, cycle the action a few times to spread the lubricant evenly and to make sure everything is working correctly. If any lubricant oozes out of joints, wipe it off with a rag.
To preserve and protect the exterior finish of the gun, it needs a light coating of preservative. This is especially true of guns with a blued finish. Apply a little gun oil or metal preservative to a clean rag and wipe down the outer surfaces of the pistol. You can also purchase pre-treated cloths for this purpose. Think of it as giving your car a quick coat of wax before parking it in the garage. Place the pistol in its designated locking container, clean up the work area, and then wash up with soap and cool water.